Zion National Park Snakes: Exploring the Reptilian Wonders of Utah’s Iconic Wilderness

Zion National Park is a breathtaking natural wonder, known for its towering sandstone cliffs, lush canyons, and diverse wildlife. Among the park’s many inhabitants are a variety of fascinating reptiles, including 16 species of lizards and 13 species of snakes. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the world of Zion National Park’s snakes, exploring their unique characteristics, habitats, and the best ways to spot them during your visit.

The Venomous Resident: The Great Basin Rattlesnake

The Great Basin Rattlesnake is the only venomous snake found within Zion National Park. Easily identifiable by its triangular head and the distinctive rattle at the end of its tail, this snake is a true icon of the American West. While their appearance can be intimidating, Great Basin Rattlesnakes are generally shy and prefer to avoid human interaction. They can be found in a variety of habitats, including grasslands, deserts, and rocky areas.

The Longest Resident: The Great Basin Gopher Snake

Zion National Park Snakes

At up to 92 inches (2.3m) in length, the Great Basin Gopher Snake is the longest snake in Zion National Park. This non-venomous snake is known for its tan base color and can be found in a wide range of habitats, from grasslands and deserts to forested areas. Despite its impressive size, the Great Basin Gopher Snake is a harmless and often misunderstood reptile.

The Banded Beauties: Common Kingsnakes and Striped Whipsnakes

Zion National Park is also home to two striking snake species, the Common Kingsnake and the Striped Whipsnake. The Common Kingsnake is easily recognized by its black and white or yellow banded pattern, while the Striped Whipsnake features a gray or light brown body with darker stripes running down its back. Both of these non-venomous snakes can be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and deserts.

The Elusive Ground Snake

Rounding out the list of Zion National Park’s snakes is the Ground Snake, a small, harmless colubrid snake that is native to North America. These diminutive reptiles can be brown, red, or orange, with black banding, orange or brown striping, or a solid color. The Ground Snake’s underside is typically white or gray, and it can be challenging to spot due to its small size and camouflage.

When and Where to Spot Zion National Park’s Snakes

The best time to see snakes in Zion National Park is typically in the early morning or late afternoon, when the temperatures are cooler, and the reptiles are more active. Spring and fall are also excellent seasons for snake sightings, as the moderate temperatures make the park’s trails more inviting for these ectothermic creatures.

When hiking in Zion, it’s important to be aware of your surroundings and watch where you step, as snakes can be found on the trails. If you do encounter a rattlesnake, it’s crucial to back away slowly and give the snake plenty of space. Rattlesnake bites are rare, but if you or someone near you is bitten, remain calm and seek medical attention immediately.

By understanding the diversity of Zion National Park’s snakes and taking the necessary precautions, you can safely and responsibly enjoy the park’s reptilian wonders during your visit. So, keep your eyes peeled, and who knows – you might just spot one of these fascinating creatures in their natural habitat.


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